If two independent clauses become improperly connected together, a run-on sentence results. An independent clause expresses a full notion, including a subject as well as a verb, and can be used as a sentence on its own.
Run-on Sentences vs. Sentence Fragments
Run-on sentences and sentence fragments are not the same things. The way that run-on phrases and sentence fragments represent a complete concept is wrong. Whereas a run-on sentence lacks appropriate punctuation, the sentence fragment seems to be either incomplete or lacks both a subject and a verb.
- missing subject in a sentence: Engaging in street play .
- fragment of a sentence without a verb: Kids playing in the front yard.
- fragment of a sentence that does not fully express the thought: While the children played in the sprinkler.
This final illustration contains a subject and a verb, but it is not a complete concept. What happened when the kids were playing in the sprinkler is not described.
Run-on phrases fall into two categories. The first happens when a writer fails to utilize coordinating conjunction and a punctuation mark to separate independent clauses. When two or more separate sentences are linked by just a comma but no coordinating conjunction, it is known as a comma splice.
Run-on sentences with conjunctive adverbs
Conjunctive adverbs (such as thus, however, hence, instead, now, then, etc.) beginning the second sentence are often punctuated similarly to coordinating conjunctions uniting two sentences, which is one of the most prevalent run-on errors. The simplest method to fix these run-on sentences is to break them up into two separate sentences or use a semicolon, adding a comma after the conjunctive adverb. All 10 of the items in this category are comma splice examples. (That reflects how things really are. Only a small percentage of run-on errors in writing are fused sentences; the vast majority are comma splices.) You can correct subsequent examples in a similar manner after correcting the first one.
1. I don’t believe we require that many, thus we ought to decrease it.
2. Repeated practice is the only way we can become experts, but it shouldn’t be thoughtless practice. [It is usual to use two commas around a conjunctive adverb. Still a run-on sentence.]
3. However, since we don’t actually experience dreams, we waste a lot of time every day daydreaming.
4. He had math problems thrust in his face earlier; now he is snatching them.
5. After completing my morning home tasks, I went shopping.
6. Jute bags should be used in place of single-use carry bags whenever possible.
7. Many have worn both hats, and while we are aware that customers aren’t always correct, we still need to treat them fairly in order to keep them as customers.
8. The defeated opponent should be allowed a clear path to escape; else, in a last-ditch effort to save himself, he might cause significant damage.
9. In a NASA research, pilots who slept for 26 minutes had a 34 percent lower rate of awareness lapses than those who didn’t sleep, and their reaction times had also improved by 16 percent.
10. Instead of criticizing others, they ought to concentrate on bettering themselves.
Run-on sentences with introductory phrases
Another typical run-on mistake occurs when the second sentence’s initial phrases are punctuated as coordinating conjunctions uniting two sentences. Writing two sentences with the introduction word in the second comment (in bold) and the main clause separated by a comma is the best technique to fix such run-on issues. Even though it is less preferable, the run-on sentence can occasionally be fixed by connecting the two phrases using a coordinating conjunction. All six of the items in this category are comma splice examples. You can correct subsequent examples in a similar manner after correcting the first one.
Yesterday, I woke up later than usual, and as a result, I fell behind on my to-do list throughout the day.
12. There is one legislation for the rich another for the poor, thus the hotelier’s son got off easy in the widely known hit-and-run case. It’s not unusual to use two commas around at the introductory statement. Still a run-on sentence.]
13. It is no surprise that our leaders are subpar given how insensitive, self-centered, and disinterested we are as a nation toward issues of public importance.
14. Having a small group of close friends is crucial because while you will have many friends in good times, most of them will leave you in difficult times.
15. According to him, the plumber could solve practically any issue because he had learned from his mistakes.
16. It was good to meet you at the event yesterday, and after hearing your lecture and learning about the market trends, I’m excited to join your company.
Run-on sentences with pronouns
Run-on errors might occur in the second sentence that begins with a pronoun as well. While there are several ways to fix run-on sentences, the most common solution is still to write two sentences. Although every run-on issue can be fixed by writing two sentences instead of one, this isn’t always the greatest strategy for meaning communication. Run-on sentences have been cut off in each case since there are numerous ways to fix such issues, unless it is just a matter of drafting two sentences or adding a semicolon.
17. Last year, the university implemented an online application process in the hopes that fewer errors would result from the new setup.
18. Even though Roger Federer is over retirement age for a professional tennis player, he still enjoys playing matches and mingling with the crowd. [Two phrases]
19. Offers that are absolutely free usually have hooks attached. [Semicolon]
20. A strategy to stop the production of illicit money was outlined in a white paper on black money that the government presented to Parliament.
21. In case you’re wondering which channel I’m referring to, it’s Animal Planet. [Two sentences, the second of which is nicely separated from the first by a comma]
22. Being grateful for what little we have is important since it’s better than having nothing at all. [Two phrases]
23. The coach instructed me to stop, but when I didn’t, he said nothing. [Two phrases]
24. Laws protecting the environment should be passed by the government, and we must never forget that we are merely the inheritors of this earth. [Semicolon after two sentences]
25. No, hunting of non-endangered species shouldn’t be permitted, is the correct response to the question. [Two phrases]
26. I found it difficult to choose the field of study for college because there were so many options available. [Semicolon]
27. It will take time; it can’t be changed overnight. [Semicolon]
28. Small-town and rural innovations sometimes go undetected, which is a loss to the nation; they must be investigated. [Two phrases]
29. Few people go out anymore due to constraints and the risk of getting a virus; instead, they prefer to work from home. [Two phrases]
30. Before the amicable disagreement got heated, I got down from my perch, and we all dispersed amicably.